Millets are predominantly starchy. The protein content in Millets are equivalent to that of wheat and maize. Finger millet is known to contain the lowest fat among the food grains. Millets are also relatively rich in phosphorus and iron. They are good sources of B-complex vitamins too.
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Importance of Millets?
Millets are highly nutritious, non-glutinous and not acid forming foods. These food Grains are very easy to digest. They are known for it’s the least or Nil allergenic and Very good digestible grains available. When Compared to rice, especially polished rice, These millets release lesser percentage of glucose and over a longer period of time. This lowers the risk of diabetes. Millets are particularly high in minerals like iron, magnesium, phosphorous and potassium. Finger millet (Ragi) is the richest in calcium content, about 10 times that of rice or wheat
Kinds of Millets available
- Barnyard Millet (Kuthiravaali ) : Kuthiravaali is Barnyard millet in English otherwise known as Echinochloa Frumentacea is used a food grain like rice or Wheat in Warm areas. In South India, Particularly in Tamilnadu, Kuthiravali is Very famous Nutritious food product. Barnyard millet/kuthiravaali Curd rice is very famous Tamil food. Barnyard millet Idli / Kuthiraivali idli is Healthy breakfast for People of all ages.
- Foxtail Millet (Tenai ) : Foxtail millet / Tenai is Rich in carbohydrates, which serves as an excellent source of energy from carbs. It is a good food containing full of Minerals and dietary fibers such as iron and copper. It is mostly made as cereals like rice. It can also be mixed with other food grains like wheat to prepare baked food products such as bread or noodles.
- Kodo Millet (Varagu) : Kodo millet – Vargu in Tamil is other wise known as Paspalum scrobiculatum. It is a major food source of India. The fiber content of the Kodo Millet grain is very high. Kodo millet contains 11% of protein, and the nutritional value of the protein has been found to be slightly better than that of Tenai – foxtail millet but comparable to that of other small millets. As with other food grains, the nutritive value of Kodo millet – Varagu protein could be improved by supplementation with legume protein.
- Little Millet (Samai) : Little Millet is known as Samai in Tamil and other wise called as Panicum sumatrense. It is sold in the form of Rice, grain, semolina and flour. Little Millet is rich in mineral content. It is 2nd highest world production of all the Millets. Consumed commonly as rice, roti, dosa, idli.
- Pearl Millet (Kambu) : Pearl millet is other wise known as Pennisetum glaucum and Kambu in Tamil. energy content as well as Protein content is huge in Pearl Millet. It is Consumed as Rotis, rice, sprouted and porridge
- Finger Millet (Kelvargu) : Finger Millet is Eleusine coracana commonly known as Ragi or Kelvargu. It is a Staple grain in India. It contains highest calcium content in all the Millets. This is commonly consumed as porridge, roti, dosa, mudde, payasam.
- Sorghum (Cholam) : Sorghum can be grounded directly into whole-grain flour to produce food products such as cookies, cakes, brownies, breads, pizza dough, pastas, cereals, pancakes and waffles. Sorghum Contains many nutritional benefits. Sorghum (Cholam) is naturally rich in fiber and iron contents, with a high protein level as well. It Is Rich in antioxidants, which will help to lower the risk of diabetes, cancer, heart disease and some neurological diseases. It is Full of policosanols that may have an impact on human cardiac health.